The Horse Hair Shedding Cycle – This explains everything!
As horse owners, we have come to know that spring time is shedding “season” as our horses lose their winter coats in favor of a cooler and sleeker summer coat. But hair is constantly growing and shedding! It’s part of the life cycle of hair – which means year ‘round curry glove action is needed.
The three stages of a hair’s life cycle are anagen, catagen, and telogen. The anagen phase is happening when hair is actively growing. This is a function of time, not length. The length of the anagen phase is set, and it’s up to good nutrition, good grooming habits, and a healthy skin to make the hairs as long as possible during that phase.
Then comes the catagen phase, where the hair and hair follicle just rest. A new hair might be forming to take it’s place, but mainly there’s nothing going on. This phase might last a few weeks.
Lastly, there’s the telogen phase, where the hair falls out in preparation for a new hair to start the anagen phase.
This explains why your horse will lose hair all year long! A nice curry glove session in the heat of summer will loosen and remove those hairs in the telogen phase. Same in the cold of winter. This also applies to the mane and tail, which of course have much longer anagen phases. There is nothing to do to prevent this natural hair loss – it’s just the same and a human finding hair in their hairbrush.
Animals have one other trick up their sleeve when it comes to shedding and growing a new coat – the length of day. Fall shedding season happens as the daylight decreases, triggering the fuzzy winter coat. There are other minor influencing factors, but light is the big one. The same is true in the spring. More daylight tells your horse to ditch his winter coat for something more comfortable!
It’s perfectly normal to have your horse lose hair all year long. If you find that it’s not growing back, that’s a reason to call the Vet for some intervention! Otherwise, enjoy the daily curry glove grooming with your horse.